How to use Z0 (characteristic impedance of vacuum) constant in SciPy/NumPy

If you want to use the Z0 constant (characteristic impedance of free space) in Python, use this snippet:

import scipy.constants
Z0 = scipy.constants.physical_constants['characteristic impedance of vacuum'][0]

print(Z0) # 376.73031346177066

In contrast to other constants, Z0 is not available directly like scipy.constants.pi but you need to use the scipy.constants.physical_constants dict in order to access it.