How to setup OnlyOffice using docker-compose, systemd and nginx

In this setup we show how to setup OnlyOffice using nginx as a reverse proxy, docker-compose to run and configure the OnlyOffice image and systemd to automatically start and restart the OnlyOffice instance. Running it in a reverse proxy configuration allows you to have other domains listening on the same IP address and have a central management of Let’s Encrypt SSL certificates.

We will setup the instance in /opt/onlyoffice on port 2291.

Save this file as /opt/onlyoffice/docker-compose.yml and don’t forget to change JWT_SECRET to a random password!

version: '3'
services:
  onlyoffice-documentserver:
    image: onlyoffice/documentserver:latest
    restart: always
    environment:
      - JWT_ENABLED=true
      - JWT_SECRET=Shei9AifuZ4ze7udahG2seb3aa6ool
    ports:
      - 2291:80
    volumes:
      - ./onlyoffice/data:/var/www/onlyoffice/Data
      - ./onlyoffice/lib:/var/lib/onlyoffice
      - ./onlyoffice/logs:/var/log/onlyoffice
      - ./onlyoffice/db:/var/lib/postgresql

Now we can create the systemd service. I created it using TechOverflow’s docker-compose systemd .service generator. Save it in /etc/systemd/system/OnlyOffice.service:

[Unit]
Description=OnlyOffice
Requires=docker.service
After=docker.service

[Service]
Restart=always
User=root
Group=docker
# Shutdown container (if running) when unit is stopped
ExecStartPre=/usr/local/bin/docker-compose -f /opt/onlyoffice/docker-compose.yml down -v
# Start container when unit is started
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/docker-compose -f /opt/onlyoffice/docker-compose.yml up
# Stop container when unit is stopped
ExecStop=/usr/local/bin/docker-compose -f /opt/onlyoffice/docker-compose.yml down -v

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Now we can enable & start the service using

sudo systemctl enable OnlyOffice.service
sudo systemctl start OnlyOffice.service

Now let’s create the nginx config in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/OnlyOffice.conf. Obviously, you’ll have to modify at least the

 server {
    server_name onlyoffice.mydomain.com;

    access_log /var/log/nginx/onlyoffice.access_log;
    error_log /var/log/nginx/onlyoffice.error_log info;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:2291;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_read_timeout 3600s;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection "Upgrade";
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
        add_header X-Frontend-Host $host;
    }

    listen 80;
}

Check the validity of the nginx config using

sudo nginx -t

and unless it fails, reload nginx using

sudo service nginx reload

Now I recommend to use certbot to enable TLS encryption on your domain. You should be familiar with these steps already ; my approach is to sudo apt -y install python-certbot-nginx, then certbot --nginx --staging to first obtain a staging certificate to avoid being blocked if there are any issues and after you have obtained the staging certificate use certbot --nginx and Renew & replace cert. After that, run sudo service nginx reload and check if you domain works with HTTPS. You should always choose redirection to HTTPS if certbot asks you.