How to set Windows audio volume using Python

We can use the pycaw library to set the Windows Audio volume using Python.

First, we install the library using

pip install pycaw

Note: pycaw does not work with WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux)! You actually need to install it using a Python environment running on Windows. I recommend Anaconda.

Now we can set the volume to half the current volume using this script:

from ctypes import cast, POINTER
from comtypes import CLSCTX_ALL
from pycaw.pycaw import AudioUtilities, IAudioEndpointVolume
import math

# Get default audio device using PyCAW
devices = AudioUtilities.GetSpeakers()
interface = devices.Activate(
    IAudioEndpointVolume._iid_, CLSCTX_ALL, None)
volume = cast(interface, POINTER(IAudioEndpointVolume))

# Get current volume 
currentVolumeDb = volume.GetMasterVolumeLevel()
volume.SetMasterVolumeLevel(currentVolumeDb - 6.0, None)
# NOTE: -6.0 dB = half volume !