How to run Nextcloud “php occ” in a docker-compose configuration

Use this command to run php occ inside a running docker Nextcloud container:

docker-compose exec -u www-data nextcloud php occ [command]


  • nextcloud is the name of your container in docker-compose
  • -u www-data tells docker-compose to run the command as the www-data user that owns all the Nextcloud files.
  • Replace [command] by the php occ command you want to run, for example versions:cleanup. If you want to see a list of all available commands, just omit [command]

Note: You need to run this command in the directory where your nextcloud docker-compose.yml is located.


docker-compose exec -u www-data nextcloud php occversions:cleanup