How to Serial.println() a std::string

In Arduino, if you have a std::string:

std::string str = "test";

you can’t directly print it – trying to do so leads to the following error messages:

src/main.cpp: In function 'void setup()':
src/main.cpp:122:22: error: no matching function for call to 'HardwareSerial::println(std::__cxx11::string&)'
   Serial.println(cert);
                      ^
In file included from /home/uli/.platformio/packages/[email protected]2/cores/esp32/Stream.h:26,
                 from /home/uli/.platformio/packages/[email protected]2/cores/esp32/Arduino.h:166,
                 from src/main.cpp:1:
/home/uli/.platformio/packages/[email protected]2/cores/esp32/Print.h:96:12: note: candidate: 'size_t Print::println(const __FlashStringHelper*)'
     size_t println(const __FlashStringHelper *);
            ^~~~~~~
/home/uli/.platformio/packages/[email protected]2/cores/esp32/Print.h:96:12: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from 'std::__cxx11::string' {aka 'std::__cxx11::basic_string<char>'} to 'const __FlashStringHelper*'
/home/uli/.platformio/packages/[email protected]2/cores/esp32/Print.h:97:12: note: candidate: 'size_t Print::println(const String&)'
     size_t println(const String &s);

 

Solution:

You can use .c_str() to convert it to a NUL-terminated char* which can be printed directly:

Serial.println(str.c_str());