How to setup bup-server on Synology NAS using docker

This guide shows you how to create a bup server. This is based on our previous post How to setup a “bup remote” server in 5 minutes using docker-compose but uses Synology’s built-in Docker GUI instead of docker-compose.

First, create two shared directories bup-backups (which will store the backups itself) and bup-config )which will store the dropbear SSH server configuration, that is SSH host keys and authorized client keys).

Alternatively, you can also use sub-directories of existing shared directories, but I’d like to keep them separate.

Then create a new Docker container by opening Docker -> Container, clicking Create and follow these steps:

Download ulikoehler/bup-server:lastest

Create a new container from the image

Map out port 2022 (bup server SSH port)

You can choose any other port in Local Port but keep the Container Port the same.

Map the volumes

As we said before, any directory will do. Create the sub-directories as needed.

Creating the SSH keys

On your local linux computer, create a SSH key using

ssh-keygen -t ed25519 -f id_bup -N ""

Upload id_bup and to the bup-config shared folder.

Furthermore, copy to bup-config/dotssh/authorized_keys.

After that you can startup the container.

Test the login


ssh -i id_bup -p 2022 bup@[AS IP address]

to try to connect to your NAS.


In case connecting via SSH does not work, most likely the issue is with your public/private key and/or your authorized_keys file. Check if it is in the right directory (/home/bup/.ssh/authorized_keys on the container). Also check the logs of the Docker container.