Cloud

Saving an entity in Google Cloud Datastore using Python: A minimal example

Here’s a minimal example for inserting an entity in the Google Cloud Datastore object database using the Python API:

#!/usr/bin/env python3
from google.cloud import datastore
# Create & store an entity
client = datastore.Client(project="myproject-12345")
entity = datastore.Entity(key=client.key('MyEntityKind', 'MyTestID'))
entity.update({
    'foo': u'bar',
    'baz': 1337,
    'qux': False,
})
# Actually save the entity
client.put(entity)

This assumes you have already created an entity kind with the name MyEntityKind in the project with ID myproject-12345.

Posted by Uli Köhler in Cloud, Python

How to fix Google Cloud Datastore ValueError: A Key must have a project set.

Problem:

You are trying to connect to the Google Cloud Storage object database:

#!/usr/bin/env python3
from google.cloud import datastore
# Create, populate and persist an entity
entity = datastore.Entity(key=datastore.Key('MyEntityKind')) # Line of error
# ...

but when running that code, you get this error message:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "./IndexIntoDB.py", line 4, in <module>
    entity = datastore.Entity(key=datastore.Key('MyEntityKind'))
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.6/dist-packages/google/cloud/datastore/key.py", line 109, in __init__
    self._project = _validate_project(project, parent)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.6/dist-packages/google/cloud/datastore/key.py", line 512, in _validate_project
    raise ValueError("A Key must have a project set.")
ValueError: A Key must have a project set.

Solution:

Note: While the solution below fixes the error message listed above, you might be more interested in having a look at this minimal entity insertion example

As the error message indicates, you need to add a project name. If you don’t know the project name, go to the Google Cloud Console, select the right project at the top and then look at the URL:

https://console.cloud.google.com/datastore/welcome?project=perceptive-tape-12345

In this example, the project ID (which you have to use in the Python code is perceptive-tape-12345.

See also the Keys section of the google-cloud-datastore python documentation.

Posted by Uli Köhler in Cloud, Python