Puppeteer

Pyppeteer minimal network request interception example

Using Javascript (puppeteer)? Check out Minimal puppeteer request interception example

This example shows you how to intercept network requests in pyppeteer:

Note: This intercepts the request, not the response! This means you can abort the request made, but you can’t read the content of the response! See Pyppetteer minimal network response interception example for an example on how to intercept responses.

import asyncio
from pyppeteer import launch

async def intercept_network_request(request):
    # Print some info about the request
    print("URL:", request.url)
    print("Method:", request.method)
    print("Headers:", request.headers)
    # NOTE: You can also await request.abort() to abort the requst1
    await request.continue_()

async def main():
    browser = await launch()
    page = await browser.newPage()
    await page.setRequestInterception(True)
    
    page.on('request', intercept_network_request)
            
    await page.goto('https://techoverflow.net')
    await browser.close()

asyncio.get_event_loop().run_until_complete(main())

 

Posted by Uli Köhler in Puppeteer, Pyppeteer, Python

How to fix pyppeteer.errors.NetworkError: Request interception is not enabled.

Note: Also see Pyppetteer minimal network request interception example

Problem:

You are trying to intercept a request in Pyppeteer using

page.on('request', my_intercept_request)

but you’re getting an error message like this:

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/lib/python3.6/asyncio/events.py", line 145, in _run
    self._callback(*self._args)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.6/dist-packages/pyee/_compat.py", line 62, in _callback
    self.emit('error', exc)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.6/dist-packages/pyee/_base.py", line 106, in emit
    self._emit_handle_potential_error(event, args[0] if args else None)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.6/dist-packages/pyee/_base.py", line 83, in _emit_handle_potential_error
    raise error
  File "run.py", line 6, in intercept
    await request.continue_()
  File "/usr/local/lib/python3.6/dist-packages/pyppeteer/network_manager.py", line 481, in continue_
    raise NetworkError('Request interception is not enabled.')
pyppeteer.errors.NetworkError: Request interception is not enabled.

Solution:

Add

await page.setRequestInterception(True)

directly after your call to

page = await browser.newPage()

This will enable request interception and your code will run just fine.

Posted by Uli Köhler in Puppeteer, Pyppeteer, Python

Puppeteer: Get text content / inner HTML of an element

Problem:

You want to use puppeteer to automate testing a webpage. You need to get either the text or the inner HTML of some element, e.g. of

<div id="mydiv">
</div>

on the page.

Solution:

// Get inner text
const innerText = await page.evaluate(() => document.querySelector('#mydiv').innerText);

// Get inner HTML
const innerHTML = await page.evaluate(() => document.querySelector('#mydiv').innerHTML);

Note that .innerText includes the text of sub-elements. You can use the complete DOM API inside page.evaluate(...). You can use any CSS selector as an argument for document.querySelector(...).

Posted by Uli Köhler in Javascript, Puppeteer

How to fix puppetteer error while loading shared libraries: libX11-xcb.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

Problem:

You are trying to run puppetteer on Ubuntu, but when it starts to run chrome, you are facing the following issue:

/home/user/erp/node_modules/puppeteer/.local-chromium/linux-555668/chrome-linux/chrome: error while loading shared libraries: libX11-xcb.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

Solution:

Install the missing packages using

sudo apt install -y gconf-service libasound2 libatk1.0-0 libc6 libcairo2 libcups2 libdbus-1-3 libexpat1 libfontconfig1 libgcc1 libgconf-2-4 libgdk-pixbuf2.0-0 libglib2.0-0 libgtk-3-0 libnspr4 libpango-1.0-0 libpangocairo-1.0-0 libstdc++6 libx11-6 libx11-xcb1 libxcb1 libxcomposite1 libxcursor1 libxdamage1 libxext6 libxfixes3 libxi6 libxrandr2 libxrender1 libxss1 libxtst6 ca-certificates fonts-liberation libappindicator1 libnss3 lsb-release xdg-utils wget

Credits to @coldner on the puppetteer issue tracker for assembling the required pkgs.

If you encounter E: Unable to locate package errors, run sudo apt-get update.

Background information

If you want to know more on why this issue occurs, continue reading here.

Puppetteer is essentially a minimal headless (see What is a headless program or application?) Chromium instance with an additional API for controlling and monitoring it from NodeJS.

Even though Puppetteer does not actually display a GUI, the Chromium instance it uses still requires some of the libraries to draw a GUI and connect to the X11 server, even though that isn’t used in Puppetteer. One of those libraries is libxcb which provides the shared library libX11-xcb.so.1. You can fix this by installing the libx11-xcb1 package on most Debian-based systems.

However, as it is so often the case with missing shared libraries, once you install the one that is missing, there will be at least one other library missing after that. That’s why we need to install the large number of libraries listed above.

Posted by Uli Köhler in Linux, Puppeteer