C/C++

How to reverse std::string using std::reverse (C++)

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>

using namespace std;

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
    std::string s = "My string";
    // This reverses s in-place.
    std::reverse(std::begin(s), std::end(s));
    // Prints "gnirts yM"
    cout << s << endl;
}

 

Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++

re2 C++ replace (GlobalReplace) minimal example

This minimal example shows how to replace strings using the re2 GlobalReplace() function:

#include <re2/re2.h>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>

using namespace re2;
using namespace std;

// Pre-compiled regex
RE2 myRegex("\\$[^\\$]+\\$");

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
    string myString = "This string $abc123$ contains two formulas $123 != 456$.";
    // NOTE: This will modify myString!
    RE2::GlobalReplace(&myString, myRegex, "FORMULA");
    // Prints "This string FORMULA contains two formulas FORMULA."
    cout << myString << endl;
}

 

Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++

cpp-httplib: How to get query parameters

This example shows how to get a query parameter in cpp-httplib. See the cpp-httplib hello example for the full source code:

svr.Get("/hi", [](const httplib::Request& req, httplib::Response& res) {
    std::string id = req.get_param_value("id");
    res.set_content("id=" + id, "text/plain");
});

Access it at http://localhost:8080/hi?id=myid

and it will show you

id=myid

id will be empty (== "") if no such parameter is given.

Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++

How to fix Paho MQTT undefined reference to `SHA1_Init’

Problem:

When trying to build your C++ application using Paho MQTT, you see a bunch of undefined reference error messages:

MQTTAsync.c:(.text+0x3482): undefined reference to `OpenSSL_version'
/usr/bin/ld: MQTTAsync.c:(.text+0x34a1): undefined reference to `OpenSSL_version'
/usr/bin/ld: MQTTAsync.c:(.text+0x34c0): undefined reference to `OpenSSL_version'
/usr/bin/ld: MQTTAsync.c:(.text+0x34df): undefined reference to `OpenSSL_version'
/usr/bin/ld: MQTTAsync.c:(.text+0x34fe): undefined reference to `OpenSSL_version'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(MQTTAsyncUtils.c.o): in function `MQTTAsync_closeOnly':
MQTTAsyncUtils.c:(.text+0x9b6): undefined reference to `SSL_SESSION_free'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(MQTTAsyncUtils.c.o): in function `MQTTAsync_receiveThread':
MQTTAsyncUtils.c:(.text+0x463b): undefined reference to `SSL_set_session'
/usr/bin/ld: MQTTAsyncUtils.c:(.text+0x5255): undefined reference to `SSL_get1_session'
/usr/bin/ld: MQTTAsyncUtils.c:(.text+0x55bb): undefined reference to `SSL_get1_session'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `call_ssl_psk_cb':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x11b): undefined reference to `SSL_get_SSL_CTX'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x129): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_get_ex_data'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_error':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1fa): undefined reference to `SSL_get_error'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x22d): undefined reference to `ERR_print_errors_cb'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x2f1): undefined reference to `ERR_get_error'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSL_CTX_info_callback':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x376): undefined reference to `SSL_alert_desc_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x381): undefined reference to `SSL_alert_type_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x3bc): undefined reference to `SSL_get_verify_result'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x411): undefined reference to `SSL_state_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x461): undefined reference to `SSL_get_current_cipher'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x469): undefined reference to `SSL_CIPHER_get_name'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x474): undefined reference to `SSL_state_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x4d1): undefined reference to `SSL_alert_desc_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x4dc): undefined reference to `SSL_alert_type_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x4e7): undefined reference to `SSL_state_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x503): undefined reference to `SSL_alert_desc_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x50e): undefined reference to `SSL_alert_type_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x541): undefined reference to `SSL_alert_desc_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x54c): undefined reference to `SSL_alert_type_string_long'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_initialize':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x8ee): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_init_ssl'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x90a): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_init_crypto'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x916): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_init_ssl'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x922): undefined reference to `OPENSSL_init_crypto'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xa11): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_get_ex_new_index'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_createContext':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xbee): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_use_certificate_chain_file'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xc48): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_default_passwd_cb'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xc55): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_default_passwd_cb_userdata'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xc67): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey_file'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xc9a): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_load_verify_locations'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xce5): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_default_verify_paths'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xd2e): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_cipher_list'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xd56): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_ex_data'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xd66): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_psk_client_callback'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xd8f): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_ctrl'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xdc5): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_free'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xe51): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_alpn_protos'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xeb9): undefined reference to `TLS_client_method'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0xec1): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_new'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_setSocketForSSL':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1046): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_info_callback'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1056): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_msg_callback'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1075): undefined reference to `SSL_new'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x10ab): undefined reference to `SSL_get_cipher_list'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x10be): undefined reference to `SSL_set_fd'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x113b): undefined reference to `SSL_ctrl'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x121c): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_set_verify'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_connect':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x12b7): undefined reference to `ERR_clear_error'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x12bf): undefined reference to `SSL_connect'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x135d): undefined reference to `SSL_get_peer_certificate'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x138c): undefined reference to `X509_check_host'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x13d4): undefined reference to `CRYPTO_free'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x13f6): undefined reference to `X509_free'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x144d): undefined reference to `X509_check_ip_asc'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_getch':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1569): undefined reference to `ERR_clear_error'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1579): undefined reference to `SSL_read'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_destroyContext':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1630): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_free'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_close':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x16b8): undefined reference to `ERR_clear_error'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x16c1): undefined reference to `SSL_shutdown'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x16ce): undefined reference to `SSL_free'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x16fd): undefined reference to `SSL_CTX_free'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_putdatas':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x191f): undefined reference to `ERR_clear_error'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1930): undefined reference to `SSL_write'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_getdata':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1ca5): undefined reference to `ERR_clear_error'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1cb8): undefined reference to `SSL_read'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1d7f): undefined reference to `SSL_pending'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(SSLSocket.c.o): in function `SSLSocket_continueWrite':
SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1e2f): undefined reference to `ERR_clear_error'
/usr/bin/ld: SSLSocket.c:(.text+0x1e3f): undefined reference to `SSL_write'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(Base64.c.o): in function `Base64_encodeDecode.part.0':
Base64.c:(.text+0x1f): undefined reference to `BIO_f_base64'
/usr/bin/ld: Base64.c:(.text+0x27): undefined reference to `BIO_new'
/usr/bin/ld: Base64.c:(.text+0x2f): undefined reference to `BIO_s_mem'
/usr/bin/ld: Base64.c:(.text+0x37): undefined reference to `BIO_new'
/usr/bin/ld: Base64.c:(.text+0x45): undefined reference to `BIO_push'
/usr/bin/ld: Base64.c:(.text+0x55): undefined reference to `BIO_set_flags'
/usr/bin/ld: Base64.c:(.text+0x78): undefined reference to `BIO_write'
/usr/bin/ld: Base64.c:(.text+0x8e): undefined reference to `BIO_ctrl'
/usr/bin/ld: Base64.c:(.text+0x9e): undefined reference to `BIO_free_all'
/usr/bin/ld: Base64.c:(.text+0xc1): undefined reference to `BIO_read'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(WebSocket.c.o): in function `WebSocket_buildFrame.constprop.0':
WebSocket.c:(.text+0x441): undefined reference to `RAND_bytes'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(WebSocket.c.o): in function `uuid_generate':
WebSocket.c:(.text+0x721): undefined reference to `RAND_bytes'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(WebSocket.c.o): in function `WebSocket_connect':
WebSocket.c:(.text+0x929): undefined reference to `RAND_bytes'
/usr/bin/ld: /home/uli/.conan/data/paho-mqtt-c/1.3.9/_/_/package/6fbd1993993594bd3f9451023a96c5ec2eef0e19/lib/libpaho-mqtt3as.a(WebSocket.c.o): in function `WebSocket_upgrade':
WebSocket.c:(.text+0x1dd9): undefined reference to `SHA1_Init'
/usr/bin/ld: WebSocket.c:(.text+0x1def): undefined reference to `SHA1_Update'
/usr/bin/ld: WebSocket.c:(.text+0x1dff): undefined reference to `SHA1_Final'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status

Solution

In addition to linking the Paho MQTT libraries, you also need to link OpenSSL, i.e. the ssl and crypto libraries. You can link them, for example using

target_link_libraries(myexecutable ssl crypto)

in CMake or by adding these linker flags for GCC:

-lssl -lcrypto

 

Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++

How to initialize new C++ executable project using conan

In the directory where you want to create the project, run (obviously, replace mypackageby the name of everywhere in our code!)

conan new mypackage/1.0.0 -s

-s is important here. It tells conan that the source is available in the project directory and it should not be pulled using git etc.

This will initialize a shared library project, which we will now modify to build an executable.

First, open src/CMakeLists.txt and change add_library() to add_executable(), for example

add_library(mypackage mypackage.cpp)

to

add_executable(mypackage mypackage.cpp)

Now we shall modify conanfile.py to properly build & install the executable:

    def package(self):
        self.copy("*.h", dst="include", src="src")
        self.copy("*.lib", dst="lib", keep_path=False)
        self.copy("*.dll", dst="bin", keep_path=False)
        self.copy("*.dylib*", dst="lib", keep_path=False)
        self.copy("*.so", dst="lib", keep_path=False)
        self.copy("*.a", dst="lib", keep_path=False)
    def package_info(self):
        self.cpp_info.libs = ["NoxecoDB"]

with

    def package(self):
        self.copy("mypackage", src="bin", dst="bin", keep_path=False)

    def package_info(self):
        self.env_info.PATH = os.path.join(self.package_folder, "bin")

    def deploy(self):
        self.copy("mypackage", dst="bin", src="bin")

and add

import os.path

to the top of the file

Now let’s add a main() function to  src/mypackage.cpp. Replace the file’s content with

#include <iostream>

int main(int argc, char** argv) {
    std::cout << "Hello World!" <<std::endl;
}

Now it’s time to install the dependencies & build the project using

conan install . && conan build .

The executable will be in

bin/mypackage

You can run it using

./bin/mypackage

which will print

Hello World!

I also recommend to add this .gitignore:

CMakeCache.txt
CMakeFiles/
Makefile
bin/
cmake_install.cmake
conan.lock
conanbuildinfo.cmake
conanbuildinfo.txt
conaninfo.txt
graph_info.json

 

Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++, Conan

How to split strings in C++ using boost::algorithm::split() – a minimal example

#include <boost/algorithm/string/split.hpp> // boost::algorithm::split
#include <boost/algorithm/string/classification.hpp> // boost::is_any_of
#include <string>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>

int main() {
    std::string mystr = "foo-bar-x";
    // Split by "-"
    std::vector<std::string> splitResult;
    boost::algorithm::split(splitResult, mystr, boost::is_any_of("-"));
    // Print results, one line at a time
    // Prints:
    // foo
    // bar
    // x
    for(const std::string& s : splitResult) {
        std::cout << s << std::endl;
    }
}

 

Posted by Uli Köhler in Boost, C/C++

How to fix ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘conans’

Problem:

When running conanfile.py or other Python scripts, you see an error message like

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/home/myuser/myproject/conanfile.py", line 1, in <module>
    from conans import ConanFile, CMake
ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'conans'

Solution:

Install conan using one of the recommended methods such as the recommended install via pip

sudo pip3 install conan
Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++, Python

How to fix ArduinoJSON: error: ‘DynamicJSONDocument’ was not declared in this scope

Problem:

While trying to compile your project, you see an error message like

error: 'DynamicJSONDocument' was not declared in this scope

Solution:

The Json in DynamicJsonDocument must be spelled camel case: Json, not JSON! The correct spelling is DynamicJsonDocument.

If that does not help, ensure

#include <ArduinoJson.h>

is at the top of the file where the error occurs.

Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++

FreeRTOS task queue minimal example

This is how you create and use a task queue in FreeRTOS:

Global declaration

Declare the structure of a task (I recommend to use a task type enum class in order to keep the flexibility of using multiple task types:

#include <freertos/queue.h>

enum class I2CTaskType : uint8_t {
    MyTaskType = 0
};

struct I2CTask {
    I2CTaskType type;
    // Parameters
    int16_t value;
};
static QueueHandle_t i2cTaskQueue;

Initialization code

Call this once, before using it:

// Create task queue
i2cTaskQueue = xQueueCreate(8 /* Number of queue slots */, sizeof(I2CTask));

In the thread processing the queue

if (xQueueReceive(i2cTaskQueue, (void *)&task, portMAX_DELAY /* Wait infinitely for new tasks */) == pdTRUE) {
    if(task.type == I2CTaskType::MyTaskType) {
        // TODO process task
        Serial.printf("My task type: %d\r\n", task.value);
    }
}

How to add a task to the queue

void AddTask(int16_t val) {
    I2CTask task;
    task.type = I2CTaskType::MyTaskType;
    task.value = val;
    xQueueSend(i2cTaskQueue, (void*)&task, 10 / portTICK_PERIOD_MS /* timeout */);
}

 

Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++, Embedded, FreeRTOS, PlatformIO

How to fix Arduino error: ‘size_t’ has not been declared

Problem:

In Arduino, you see an error message like

src/main.cpp:7:48: error: 'size_t' has not been declared
void MyFunction(size_t size);

Solution:

Include stddef.h where size_t is declared:

#include <stddef.h>

Add this line to the top of the file where the error occured.

Posted by Uli Köhler in Arduino, C/C++, Embedded, PlatformIO

How to fix Arduino I2C Wire error: call of overloaded ‘begin(const int&, const int&, int)’ is ambiguous

Problem:

You are trying to call Wire.begin() for I2C using

Wire.begin(Pin_I2C_SDA, Pin_I2C_SCL, 400000);

but you see an error message like

src/MyI2C.cpp: In function 'void MyInitI2C()':
src/NyI2C.cpp:139:47: error: call of overloaded 'begin(const int&, const int&, int)' is ambiguous
     Wire.begin(Pin_I2C_SDA,Pin_I2C_SCL, 400000);
                                               ^
In file included from include/MyIO.hpp:2:0,
                 from src/MyI2C.cpp:2:
/home/uli/.platformio/packages/framework-arduinoespressif32/libraries/Wire/src/Wire.h:79:10: note: candidate: bool TwoWire::begin(int, int, uint32_t)
     bool begin(int sda=-1, int scl=-1, uint32_t frequency=0); // returns true, if successful init of i2c bus
          ^
/home/uli/.platformio/packages/framework-arduinoespressif32/libraries/Wire/src/Wire.h:80:10: note: candidate: bool TwoWire::begin(uint8_t, int, int, uint32_t)
     bool begin(uint8_t slaveAddr, int sda=-1, int scl=-1, uint32_t frequency=0);

Solution:

This happens with specific versions of the Arduino framework. For me it happened specifically when upgrading to arduino-esp32 version 2.0.1.

You need to explicitly cast the third argument (400000) to uint32_t in order to tell the compiler which of the two functions you want to call:

Wire.begin(Pin_I2C_SDA, Pin_I2C_SCL, 400000);
Posted by Uli Köhler in Arduino, C/C++, Embedded, PlatformIO

Example of how to do std::enable_if<...> with multiple conditions

Simply use && like this:

std::enable_if<CONDITION1::value && CONDITION2::value, T>

Full example:

template<class T, class I>
constexpr typename std::enable_if<std::is_enum<T>::value && std::is_integral<I>::value, I>::type operator|(T lhs, I rhs) 
{
    return static_cast<typename std::underlying_type<T>::type>(lhs) | rhs;
}
Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++

How to add preprocessor build flags in PlatformIO

In order to define a preprocessor build flag in PlatformIO, add it to build_flags in platformio.ini, prefixing it with -D:

build_flags = -DQUICKSPI_DEBUG_WRITES

or, in order to define it to a specific value, use

build_flags = -DQUICKSPI_DEBUG_WRITES=1

 

 

Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++, PlatformIO

How to add FreeRTOS task (“thread”) to any PlatformIO project

Most PlatformIO default configurations already have FreeRTOS enabled – they just don’t use it.

In order to start a new FreeRTOS “thread” (called task in FreeRTOS-speak), first add these includes:

#include <freertos/FreeRTOS.h>
#include <freertos/task.h>

Now add the task function and handle:

TaskHandle_t myTaskHandle;
void MyTask( void * parameter )
{
    for(;;)
    {
       // TODO Task code goes here
    }
    // if you ever exit the loop, this is here to clean up the resources
    vTaskDelete( NULL );
}

then start the task using this code once, for example in your main function:

// Start MyTask thread
xTaskCreate(
    MyTask, // Task function
    "MyTask", // Name
    10000, // Stack size
    NULL, // Parameter
    1, // Priority
    &myTaskHandle);

 

Posted by Uli Köhler in C/C++, Electronics, Embedded, FreeRTOS, PlatformIO