Lumen to Candela online calculator & Python code




\Omega_{sr} = 2\cdot\pi\cdot(1-\cos(\frac{\theta}{2}))
I_{v} = \frac{\Phi_v}{\Omega_{sr}}


  • \theta is the apex angle in radians
  • \Omega_{sr} is the solid angle in Steradians
  • \Phi_v is the luminous flux in lux (lx).
  • I_{v} is the luminous intensity in candela (cd).

Python code

You can use the UliEngineering library like this:

from UliEngineering.Physics.Light import lumen_to_candela_by_apex_angle
from UliEngineering.EngineerIO import auto_format, auto_print

# These are equivalent:
intensity = lumen_to_candela_by_apex_angle("25 lm", "120°") # intensity = 7.9577 (cd)
intensity = lumen_to_candela_by_apex_angle(25.0, 120.0) # intensity = 7.9577 (cd)

# ... or get out a human-readable value:
intensity_str = auto_format(lumen_to_candela_by_apex_angle, "25 lm", "120°") # "7.96 cd"
# ... or print directly
auto_print(lumen_to_candela_by_apex_angle, "25 lm", "120°") # prints "7.96 cd"

In case you can’t use UliEngineering, use this Python function:

import math

def lumen_to_candela_by_apex_angle(flux, angle):
    Compute the luminous intensity from the luminous flux,
    assuming that the flux of <flux> is distributed equally around
    a cone with apex angle <angle>.

    Keyword parameters
    flux : value, engineer string or NumPy array
        The luminous flux in Lux.
    angle : value, engineer string or NumPy array
        The apex angle of the emission cone, in degrees
        For many LEDs, this is 

    >>> lumen_to_candela_by_apex_angle(25., 120.)
    solid_angle = 2*math.pi*(1.-math.cos((angle*math.pi/180.)/2.0))
    return flux / solid_angle

# Usage example
print(lumen_to_candela_by_apex_angle(25., 120.)) # Prints 7.957747154594769 (cd)


Posted by Uli Köhler in Calculators, Physics